4 Types of Steel: A Brief Overview

Posted on Nov 24 2017 - 9:11pm by Ceybizlanka

A worker welding steelSteel is a product that can be seen anywhere. After all, their shiny characteristics make it hard to ignore. But not all types of steel are similar and knowing its differences is vital to help you in choosing materials that you use every day.

The stainless steel used in your kitchen pots varies from the carbon steel pipe delivered by your supplier to your shop. There are four different types of steel. Although the main component in making steel is iron and carbon, different types of steel are classified depending on the amount and type of material used to make them.

Types of steel

 

1. Carbon steel

As its name suggests, carbon steel only requires carbon for an alloy to be created. Carbon steel is further divided into three categories (low, medium, and high) depending on the amount of carbon used. Carbon steel is mostly used in construction materials like pipes and beams because the higher the carbon content, the stronger and more durable the product will be.

2. Alloy Steel

This type of steel has alloying elements like manganese, silicon, nickel, and titanium among others, included with the carbon. This makes the finished product easier to manipulate with chemical treatments, and not to mention more economical. Alloy steel is commonly used in pipelines, electric generators, and auto parts.

3. Stainless Steel

The most notable characteristic of stainless steel is that it is corrosion resistant. This is because it contains 10-20% chromium as an alloying element. Chromium makes steel 200 times more resistant than other types. Most people are familiar with stainless steel as it is commonly used as various tools in the kitchen.

4. Tool Steel

Tool steels are named as such because they are used to making materials (tools). This type of steel contains tungsten, molybdenum, cobalt, and vanadium which increases its durability. Equipment available in factories in shops is mostly made from tool steel because it is also heat resistant.

Now that you know the different types of steel, it would be easier to choose which type you need for various occasions.